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Prosecuting Homicide

Murder and manslaughter are two of the offences that constitute homicide.

Manslaughter can be committed in one of three ways:

  1. killing with the intent for murder but where there is provocation, diminished responsibility or a suicide pact.
  2. conduct that was grossly negligent given the risk of death, and resulted in death.
  3. conduct, taking the form of an unlawful act involving a danger of some harm, that caused death.

With some exceptions, the crime of murder is committed, where a person:

  • of sound mind and discretion (i.e. sane):
  • unlawfully kills (i.e. not self-defence or other justified killing)
  • any reasonable creature (human being)
  • in being (born alive and breathing through its own lungs)
  • under the Queen's Peace
  • with intent to kill or cause grievous bodily harm.

There are other specific homicide offences, for example, infanticide, causing death by dangerous driving, and corporate manslaughter.

Find out more about prosecuting homicide

Company fined after factory worker was crushed to death in machinery


A company and its director have been sentenced today (31 October) for causing the death of a factory worker who fell into a piece of machinery at a recycling yard.

Safi Qais Khan died at Master Construction Products (Skips) Ltd (MCP) after he became entangled in a machine called a trommel, used to sort waste material.

MCPS admitted the corporate manslaughter of Mr Khan, after an investigation found there was no safe system of work for the trommel and it was in a dangerous state. Essential guards to prevent entrapment were missing, there was no emergency stop button on the machine and it was surrounded by uneven and waste strewn ground.

The company also admitted a health and safety breach of a duty owed to its employee in failing to ensure measures were in place to minimise risks of entrapment, crushing or falls whilst working at the trommel.

Jagbir Singh, director of MCPS, pleaded guilty to a health a safety offence. He admitted that he was aware of the way in which the company operated the trommel.

The company was given a fine of £255,000 for corporate manslaughter. Singh was sentenced to 12 months' imprisonment suspended for two years and 300 hours of community service at Birmingham Crown Court. He was also disqualified as a company director for eight years and ordered to pay £11,500 in prosecution costs.

Michael Gregory, from the CPS, said: "MCPS Ltd let the trommel and the area around it fall into a dilapidated and dangerous state. Little thought was given by the company to the safety of its employees when working at the machine. This failure caused the death of Mr Khan.

"Singh admitted the offence after the CPS successfully showed how senior leaders' management of the machinery played a substantial part in Mr Khan's death. Our thoughts are with Mr Khan's family."


Notes to Editors

  1. Michael Gregory is a Senior Specialist Prosecutor in the Special Crime and Counter Terrorism Division
  2. Master Construction Products (Skips) Ltd pleaded guilty to corporate manslaughter, contrary to the Corporate Manslaughter and Homicide Act 2007 and to a breach of ensuring the safety of its employees at work, contrary to section 2(1) of the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974
  3. Jagbir Singh pleaded guilty to consenting to, or conniving at, the company's breach of the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974
  4. For the latest in breaking news from the CPS Press Office follow @cpsuk on Twitter and visit our official News Brief -
  5. For media enquiries call the CPS Press Office on 020 3357 0906. Out of Hours - 07590 617233